December 4th. James gave an invited talk to the Royal Canadian Navy’s (RCN) Maritime Warfare Centre on climate change, search and rescue, and emergency response in the Arctic. Joining colleagues Dr Ashlee Cunsolo, Derrick Pottle, and Inez Shiwak, their joint talk assessed what climate change might mean for RCN operations in the Arctic and opportunities to build capacity for strengthening emergency response.
Following their first full-day workshop in June 2019, The Researching in Indigenous Contexts group at the University of Leeds had their kick-off meeting earlier this month to continue with their work and plan for the upcoming year. The meeting was well-attended by researchers across the University, from Law school to the Earth sciences, and represented many different regions, including the Caucasus region, Australia and Central Africa.
Last week, Anuszka Maton-Mosurska presented her Master’s work on operationalising community-based and participatory approaches to research in Alaska at ArcticNet’s Annual Scientific Meeting 2019. Presenting in the Arctic Disaster Risk Reduction session, she unpacked the theory around ‘participation’ and ‘community’, ultimately highlighting the inappropriateness of applying Western sociological theory to Indigenous contexts. She looks forward to applying these insights to her future work in community-based disaster risk reduction in the Arctic.
On 24th September 2019, Angus traveled to the headquarters of Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations in Rome to present the findings of a report on the state of food security for Indigenous peoples of the Arctic region to the Expert Seminar on Traditional Knowledge and Indigenous Peoples’ Fisheries in the Arctic.
The seminar brought together over 40 speakers, with stakeholders in attendance from Indigenous organisations, governments, other universities, and the FAO. Its primary focus was to “share perspectives and exchange experiences on traditional knowledge and Indigenous peoples’ fisheries in the Arctic region” in order to “guide and support Indigenous peoples’ fisheries policy”. Emergent themes from the seminar included the need for stronger adoption and incorporation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in national and regional policies and legislation, and a need to embrace the significant role that Indigenous knowledges can play in wildlife management and the governance of Indigenous food systems.
Angus’ presentation comprised the keynote for the second day, and is available in full as a webcast, along with the seminar declaration and presentations by other stakeholders, at:
Additional Info: http://www.fao.org/indigenous-peoples/arctic-indigenous-seminar/en/
Lesnikowski, A., Ford, J.D., Biesbroek, R. and Berrang-Ford, L. (2019). A policy mixes approach to conceptualizing and measuring climate change adaptation policy. Climatic Change, 156(4), article online.
Comparative research on climate change adaptation policy struggles with robust conceptualization and measurement of adaptation policy. Using a policy mixes approach to address this challenge, we characterize adaptation policy based on a general model of how governments govern issues of societal interest. We argue that this approach allows for context-sensitive measurement of adaptation policy, while being both comparable and parsimonious. This approach is tested in a study of adaptation policies adopted by 125 local governments located in Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK. Using a systematic data collection protocol, a total of 3328 adaptation policies were identified from local council archives between the periods of January 2010 and May 2017. Results of this analysis suggest that there is structured variation emerging in how local governments govern climate change adaptation, which justifies calls for comparative adaptation research to use measurements that capture the totality of adaptation policies being adopted by governments rather than focusing on specific types of adaptation policy. We conclude with a discussion of key issues for further developing of this approach.